Basically, the pruning consists in the suppression of some parts of the woody plants, be they branches or roots. It is a very delicate technique with which we put the future of the tree in play. Incorrect pruning can lead to irreparable damage. They are very important both the technique and the time to do it, which will vary depending on the plant, its age and circumstances. It is therefore advisable to seek expert advice or consult the appropriate documentation.
The rule of gold of the beginner would be that in the doubt is better to fall short . If we are not sure it should be pruned before running the risk of running with the saw.
Sanitation: It improves the health of the tree or the bush, cutting off diseases or pests. This removes dead, diseased or weak branches.
Safety: Prevents the collapse of damaged or unstable branches.
Training: The objective is to configure the appearance of the plant, give an adequate structure. Healthy branches will be cut to obtain the desired shape or if they are annoying when crossing unduly with others, obstructing the passage of people or vehicles, hiding signals, etc.
Fruiting: For better and better flowers or fruits.
DISADVANTAGES OF RADICAL POWERS
After a very drastic pruning the tree runs the risk of getting very damaged and may even die. Even without reaching such extremes, the following problems may occur:
Weakness of the specimen, since its capacity to produce energy is reduced. The tree reacts producing many shoots, which is done at the expense of its reserves and leaves you more defenseless against future adversities. It therefore becomes more fragile and vulnerable to disease and pest attacks.
The risk increases because more insecure vegetation occurs. New offspring grow very, very quickly, but they are quite unstable. Their joints with the old wood can be affected by the appearance of holes and putre factions, increasing the risk of rupture.
They give a lot of work and generate expenses because a great quantity of firewood is produced that will have to be collected, moved and stored. Every few years we will be forced to prune again to correct the new growth. We will probably have to apply additional care to correct damages and problems that may arise, such as fractures, diseases, etc.
The Tools: They should be of quality and that are in good condition and sharp.
Hygiene: Blades will be disinfected with alcohol to burn, especially after pruning some diseased plant.
Cuts: They must be very clean. After using the saw the edges of the cut are smoothed with a blade.
Wounds: We will protect wounds greater than 1 cm. With pruning paste or artificial bark. Its use has some detractors that assure, among other things, that it does not help at all to the cicatrizaci¢n. But the truth is that the wound is protected from the elements of the interperie, preventing penetration of water or ice, and prevent attacks of insects and other pathogens in that weakened area. In some trees, such as the fig tree, leaving the cuts open may eventually give rise to deep gaps extending along the branch.
Rest: Hardwood can be used for the fireplace. Green leaves and branches are useful for compost heap. It is important to get rid of diseased parts. The best: burn them.